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    The First Conditional

    Rawan abdullah alQahtani

    Posts : 4
    Join date : 2012-05-01
    Age : 23
    Location : Saudi Arabia - Dammam

    q1 The First Conditional

    Post by Rawan abdullah alQahtani on Wed May 16, 2012 5:03 am

    This is " kholod alGhammdi " project
    The First Conditional

    The first conditional has the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other clause:

    • if + present simple, ... will + infinitive

    It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. Of course, we can't know what will happen in the future, but this describes possible things, which could easily come true.

    • If it rains, I won't go to the park.

    • If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.

    • If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.

    • She'll be late if the train is delayed.

    • She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.

    • If I see her, I'll tell her.

    First vs. Zero Conditional
    The first describes a particular situation, whereas the conditional describes what happens in general.

    For example (zero conditional): if you sit in the sun, you get burned (here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)

    But (first conditional): if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned (here I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)

    First vs. Second Conditional
    The first conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the future, whereas the second conditional talks about things that I don't think will really happen. It's subjective; it depends on my point of view.

    For example (first conditional): If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam (I think it's possible she will study harder and so she'll pass)

    But (second conditional): If she studied harder, she would pass the exam (I think that she won't study harder, or it's very unlikely, and so she won't pass)

    Click here for an exercise about making the first conditional
    Click here for all the conditional exercises

    First you are "confused by" not "confusing by".
    Zero Conditional: used for habitual actions or accepted facts
    It is created by if/when + two clauses with the same tense in each clause.

    When I ate at Joe's, I had the ravioli. (past-past)
    If I work late on a Tuesday, I take a taxi home. (present -present)

    First Conditional: if + present tense, then future tense
    If I pass this exam, (then) I will be promoted.

    Second conditional: if + past tense, then present conditional
    If I passed this exam, (then) I would be promoted.
    If I were king (subjunctive), (then) I would eliminate all taxes.

    Third conditional: if + past perfect, then past conditional
    If I had passed this exam, I would have been promoted.

    The first column are all zero conditionals, the second column first conditionals and the third column are all second conditionals. Cut up and divide into three piles.
    What do you do if you have a headache?
    What would you do if you won the lottery?

    if you have a headache
    if you have a headache tomorrow
    if you could buy any car in the world
    if you can't sleep
    if it rains this weekend
    if you could meet any person in the world
    if you heat ice
    if you are invited to the cinema tonight
    if you saw an ex-partner in the street
    if you drop an egg
    if you don't understand this lesson
    if you had the chance to play any sport for your national team
    if you get a cold
    if there is a karaoke evening at the school
    if you spoke English better than your teacher
    if you want to sneeze at the cinema
    if you see your teacher in town tomorrow
    if you were the leader of your country
    if you don't want to eat something at a formal dinner
    if lessons are cancelled next week
    if you found the winning lottery ticket on the bus
    if you oversleep
    if you oversleep tomorrow
    if you could become a teacher for any subject
    if you can't remember someone's name when you are talking to him/her
    if you are asked to organize a party this Saturday
    if you could play any musical instrument in the world
    if someone forgets your birthday
    if your teacher is sleeping now!
    if you forgot your mother's/father's birthday
    if you call the wrong number on the phone
    if there is a stray dog outside your house/apartment tonight
    if you had the chance to appear on a TV chat show

    And this is a video{}

    kholod alGhammdi 2/3

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